Maintaining Your Forklift 

Forklift terminologies 

If you’re using forklift in your business and you’re not aware of the terminologies for the common parts, you can face a lot of trouble if the staff does not use the parts in the right way. Moreover, forklift parts need constant maintenance and often replacement so it is important that being an owner, you should know about different terminologies for various parts of a forklift. Some of the common parts are mentioned below. In order to save yourself from being misguided, get yourself familiar with these terminologies.  

Cab 

The Cab is the main part in the center of forklift. It contains the key driving tools such as steering, break and gas pedals.  

Mast 

The mast is the part of forklift that lifts the load when it is being used. 

Carriage 

The carriage acts as a support structure for the forklift, joining the mast with the forks.  

Forks 

Forks are the extensions that carry the load when the mast lifts them up. They are attached to the carriage.  

Overhead guard 

The overhead guard, as the name suggests, guards the operator from any heavy object falling from the forks. It is located above the Cab to protect the operator. It, however, does not protect the operator from small objects as it is frame with grate design.  

Tires 

While you may be familiar with this term, you might want to know that the driving tires of the forklift do not move. They are located at the front while the steering tires are located at the back.  

Power supply 

The forklifts come in 4 different types of power supplies. They can be gas-driven, diesel-driven, propane driven or they can be electric. The battery is located under the seat where the operator sits. The fuel tank, in the case of gas and diesel, is located under the back of the forklift. In the case of propane, it is located at the back over the counterweight.  

Tips on buying the best parts 

If you haven’t bought a forklift part before or if you have bought before, but faced some problems later on, it is important that you go through these tips before searching for the one you need.  

Research about the part 

This is your homework that you need to do before going to buy the part. You should know its function and its approximate price. Also, search about options in that part. 

Compatibility 

First and foremost thing you do in the market when buying the part is, make sure that the part you are buying is compatible with your model of forklift. Keep a written copy of your forklift’s manual with you or at least its model number so you can get the right part from the supplier.  

Ask about delivery date 

If you have a running business, you cannot afford to wait for days before your part arrives for the forklift. Therefore, ask the supplier about the expected delivery date so you don’t face any delays.  

About the used-parts 

If you’re up to saving some cash from the maintenance, you can go for used-parts, but not the ones older than 6 years. However, for a heavy-duty device like forklift, it is never recommended that you use a used part for your forklift. 

Cost 

Lastly, check the cost of the part. Make sure you do your research or more preferably, market survey before you buy the part.  

Signs that it’s time to replace forklift Mast 

The Mast is the part of the forklift that makes the functioning of the forklift possible. Due to its significance and workload, it requires close inspection after regular intervals. Following are some signs that indicate immediate repair or replacement of any part in mast.  

  1. If you hear grinding sound of metals. 
  2. If you see uneven forks. 
  3. If the mast is going slower than usual.  
  4. If the mast is not going as high as it should. 

Maintenance guide 

Following are some of the tips for effective maintenance of your forklift. Even if you’re not performing the maintenance yourself, it is important that you be aware of these tips that can significantly increase the lifetime of your machine.  

  1. Use a check-list for all parts 
  2. To make sure no debris lasts in the machine, clean all parts thoroughly during maintenance.  
  3. Lubricate all the parts that need lubrication, with suitable oil. 
  4. Pay close inspection to the used-parts installed in your forklift 
  5. Perform the maintenance in fixed regular intervals.