Over the course of history there have been so many events that have cemented themselves in our memories. Whether they are good or bad, these events have become a part of history and now have come to shape our understanding of the world. One such notable event is the Deepwater Horizon blowout. On April 20th, 2010, a disaster of catastrophic proportions occurred. For context, the Deepwater Horizon was a drilling rig operating 40 miles off of the Louisiana coast. On April 20th, an explosion resulted in not only the deaths of 11 personnel, but the very same blowout that caused the explosion also caused a massive – perhaps the biggest marine oil spill – in history. The morning of the 22nd of April was when this oil spill was finally discovered, as teams found that 8000 gallons of crude oil were being pumped into the oceans per day as a result of the blowout. It has been estimated that around 4 million barrels of oil had leaked into the Gulf. To say that now, eight years later, the effects of the blowout have faded would be presumptuous and inaccurate. Even today, residue of oil can be found on ships that have travelled those oceans, and for the time being the very basic building blocks of life, the microbes, seem to have been altered. These effects just go to show how far reaching the effects of oil blowouts can be, and just how necessary it is to take the highest precautions when undertaking such a venture.
To prevent future situations such as the Deepwater Blowout from ever arising, we need to understand just what caused the blowout in the first place. Several reports have stated that the biggest cause of the blowout was the failure of the blowout preventer. Now, what is a blowout preventer? BOP, or blowout preventer is simply a large specialized valve that can seal, monitor and control oil and gas wells to prevent any uncontrolled release of oil or natural gas. Used on land wells, subsea wells and offshore rig, the BOP works by regulating well bore pressure amongst other things. In case of emergencies, the blowout preventer is supposed to seal the wellhead and sever the casing or the drill pipe, to prevent disastrous leakages. The failure of the blowout preventer for the Deepwater Horizon unit caused a catastrophic leak, which led to millions of gallons of oil being wasted into the oceans, and saw both land and marine life being harmed.
For any oil rig to maintain the highest standards of safety, it is essential that the pressures be monitored constantly and vigilantly, so that any irregularities can be swiftly picked up and be dealt with. This can be easily done with advanced pressure testing equipment, which can let you monitor pressures for your project all day round. These chart recorder devices are not an option, but rather an absolute necessity for those of us working in the petroleum industry, as the smallest of mistakes can cause the greatest of complications. BOP pressure testing can help those in the industry stay in compliance with safety regulations and to stay extremely safe.
These BOP pressure testing includes a pressure testing device that can be easily incorporated into the existing ROV systems. This has an ultra-precision digital pressure gauge and temperature sensor that keeps a close check on all systems of operation. The tests can then give you all the information regarding rate of change and all other areas with the highest amount of accuracy. In environments where the smallest amount of monitored change can cause great havoc, the pressure testing can be everyone’s best bet to ensure that not only does the project keep running smoothly, but that everything remains safe.
Events such as the Deepwater Horizon disaster have paved the way from stricter safety during projects calling for underground wells of oil or natural gas. DARTT pressure systems can keep the systems running at the highest degrees of safety and efficiency. With these pressure testers, we can do our bit to the environment can make sure that our drilling projects cause no harm to the environment or the personnel on board the rigs.